If you are a traveling to visit historical and tourist attractions around the world, the Balkan is one of the sweetest choices regarding history, archaeology and climate.

What are the Balkans?

A geographical and cultural area in the southern part of the continent of Europe, which is located in the eastern part of the Italian province of Guizra. It is the third peninsula in Europe also called the Balkan Peninsula or South-Eastern Europe.

Why the Balkans?

In relation to the Balkan mountain range extending from west to east, because of the difficulty encountered by the Turkish during the entry of the region to the rugged terrain, the origin of this word is Turkish was launched mainly on Mountain Stara Blanina, Bulgaria.

Geography of the Balkans

The Balkan peninsula is surrounded by six seas: the Adriatic and Ionian from the South West, the Aegean Sea and Marmara from the south-east, the Mediterranean from the south and the Black Sea from the east.

The northern borders of the Danube, Sava, and Cuba surround the Bosphorus and Dardanelles. The six seas border from the north-west to east and west, while the Danube flows northward along the coasts of the sea Black up to Belgrade.

Its exotic northern border extends from the Karka River to the village of Čatež ob Savi to reach Italy via the Vipava River, and its borders with the Soca River in the Adriatic Sea, entering the border strip of Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina from the west.

The Balkans are 550,000 km in size, and the mountains cover a large area.

They consist of mountain ranging from 1000 to 3000 meters, extending from the east to the west.

The most famous are the Balkan mountains, which have the highest mountain: Rila, which is 2925 meters high in Bulgaria, followed by Olympus in Greece 2917 m. Fieran mountain, Bulgaria 2914 m., Then the Drenarian Alps, the Albanian Alps, the Char Mountains, and the Rhodope Mountains.

Balkan climate

The Balkans have a diverse climate and abundant rainfalls, with wet continental climate in their inland regions.

The semi-tropical wet climate prevails near the Black Sea to the east which the Mediterranean climate prevails.

History of the Balkans

It dates back to the period of the Stone Age, or about 44,000 years ago, were ancient Greek civilization and the prehistoric period ended in the fifth century AD where the Indo-European peoples lived.

The Ottoman Empire controlled the Balkans from the 16th century until the beginning of the 18th century, when it fell during the First World War.

By the end of the Second World War, the fall of the Yugoslav state led to the disintegration and the emergence of the present Balkan State (Bosnia and Herzegovina / Serbia / Kosovo / Croatia / Montenegro / Slovenia / Macedonia).

The Balkans are characterized by a diversity of mixed languages ​​and cultures, while Christianity is represented by its Catholic and Orthodox doctrines in some countries (Bulgaria / Macedonia / Romania / Serbia / Montenegro / Greece / Croatia / Slovenia) Kosovo / Turkey).

Tourism in Balkans

Albania

1.  Albania: Located entirely in the south-eastern part of the continent of Europe, overlooking the Aegean and the Adriatic, with its capital Tirana.

Tourism Areas: National Museum / Sarande Bay / Kurap Mountains / Tirana Square / Skiotari Lake / Casamil Beach / Krue Castle.

Bosnia and Herzegovina

2. Bosnia and Herzegovina: located entirely in the south-eastern part of the continent of Europe overlooking the Adriatic Sea with its capital Sarajevo city.

Tourist areas: Stari Most River / Neretva River / Kravitsa waterfall / Parscaya Mosque / Bridge of Mohammed Pasha Sokolovic / Sotiska Reserve / National Museum / Derfredos / Mount Flachic / Gas Complex Khosro Bey / River Corana / Latin Bridge / Ona National / Old Town Hall / Kargoz Bek Mosque / Mount Maglitch / Belva Waterfall / Emperor’s Mosque.

Bulgaria

3. Bulgaria: Located in the south east of the continent of Europe overlooking the Black Sea and its capital Sofia.

Tourist attractions: Nessebar / Bansko Mountain / Burgas Beach / Sozopol Beach / Perin Mountains / Mount Borovets / Rosé Church / Bambo Ruvo Ski Resort / Belogradchik Cave / Seven Rila Lakes / Shibeka Monastery / Koprivshtitsa Museum / Opazur Beach / Balkan Park National Center / Chapel of the Mosque / Benya Bashi Mosque / St. Sophia Church / Boyana Church.

Montenegro

4. Montenegro: Located in the south east of the continent of Europe overlooking the Adriatic Sea and its capital Podgorica.

tourist areas: Skiotary Lake / Ostrog Monastery / National Museum / Biogradska Park / many scenic landscapes features.

RomaniaRomania

5. Romania: Located in the south-eastern part of the continent of Europe overlooking the Black Sea, with its capital Bucharest, where only 6.5% of its territory is located in the Balkan Peninsula.

Tourism areas: Dracula Palace associated with fairy tales / Palace of Bplish / Castle Bran / Lake Titan / Salt Torda / Sphinx similar to the pharaoh of the Egyptian pharaoh.

Slovenia

6. Slovenia: Located in the middle of Europe and overlooking the Mediterranean and Adriatic Sea, with its capital Ljubljana and 26.7% of its territory within the Balkans.

Tourist areas: Biran Harbor and Museum / Yamama Post Castle / Sava River / Lake and Bled Castle / Dragon Bridge and Triangle Bridge / Tivoli Park / Ljubljana Castle.

Serbia

7. Serbia: It is located in the middle of Europe and does not overlook any sea, while its capital is Belgrade.

Serbian territory represents 72.2% of the Balkans.

Tourism is based on the Serbian countryside, which is characterized by the beautiful nature of the mountains and hot springs where medical tourism is spread.

Croatia

8. Croatia: Located in the south-east of the continent of Europe overlooking the Adriatic Sea with its capital Zagreb, while 54.8% of them are located in the Balkans.

Tourism areas: Cornati National Park / Kubaki Ret National Park / Zagreb Cathedral / Luther Skak Tower / Marco Square / Baltvish Lakes.

Kosovo

9. Kosovo: It is located in the eastern south of the continent of Europe and does not overlook any sea, and its capital is Pristina.

Tourist areas: Lake Lysanat / Mosque of Mohamed Elfatih / Many wonderful mountains for skiing.

Macedonia

10. Macedonia: Located in the south east of the continent of Europe and overlooking any sea and its capital Skopje.

Tourist areas: Marco Castle / Stone City / Skopje Barracks / St. Sophia / Samuel Castle / Lake Marvo / Lake Ohrid / Verlau Cave.

The country is small and the transportation costs are cheap and you can enjoy a lot of beautiful scenery, a great trip is guaranteed.

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