It is located in ٍٍٍٍSoutheastern Europe. Athens is its capital.

Geographical location:

Greece is located in a vital and strategic region where it is at a crossroads between Europe, Asia and Africa.

It overlooks the southern tip of the Balkan Peninsula.

It is bordered at the North by the Republic of Macedonia, Bulgaria and north-east of Turkey.

It shares land borders with Albania in the north-west.

Greek Civilization:

Greek civilization is one of the oldest civilizations in the world.

It was the cradle of the Western civilization, which was the beginning of democracy, philosophy, Arabic literature, history and Western science.

Greece in different historical stages:

Greece in different historical stages

Greece Prehistory:

Some tribes moved to the south of the Balkan Peninsula, in the Bronze Age, where there were several successive waves.

They were also called that period as Meissen civilization.

This civilization collapsed due to the isolation of some cities, leading to a sharp decline in the population.

Dark Ages:

It was between 1200 BC and 800 BC. This period began after the collapse of the Meissenian civilization.

This period was called after the name of darkness due to the emergence and spread of ignorance in this period.

The waves of the bilbonas hit several tribes, a peninsula with warlike natures.

They had tall stature and worked in the field of grazing and hunting. This era ended in 9000 BC.

Old Age:

The beginning of the exit from the dark era at the end of the eighth century BC after the collapse of the Meissenian civilization.

The people are unable to read and write as written “ The Forgotten “ .

This period adopted a Phoenician alphabet and then modified to reach the Greek alphabet.

Greece is divided into small communities with self governance .

This period witnessed the war of Lillantin, the oldest documented war between small cities or small communities.

It was between Chalsis and Eritrea over the Lillantian plain. This period witnessed the introduction of the currency and the existence of commercials class.

It widened the gap between the rich and the poor. Wars have emerged and some strong cities such as Athens and Sparta have emerged.

Classical Greece:

It is also known as the Hellenic period, between the 4th and 5th centuries BC, when there was a war between the city of Athens and the Persians, Athens defeated the Persians at the end.

This period witnessed the development, growth and arrival of state institutions to maturity and modernity after ancient times.

It expanded by the aspirations of Alexander the Great and his ambitions.

Fifth Century:

This period witnessed the rise of philosophy among Western civilizations and became the basis of philosophy in Western civilization as a whole, and the development of engineering sciences, art and literature.

Despite the development, there were several battles and led to the civil war between Sparta and Athens ended with the victory of Sparta.

Fourth Century:

This period was the peak of the classical era where art, literature, and architecture spread in its prime.

Alexander the Great contributed to the spread of Greek culture and his conquests led to the expansion of his empire, but ended his short life to the collapse of this empire and divided into four sections, and there were some Greek cities to retain their culture.

Hellenistic Greece:

This historical period began after the death of Alexander the Great.

Civilization, culture, science, philosophy and mathematics flourished.

This period lasted for 200 years.

Greece was divided into several cities, some battles took place between some cities and eventually led to the collapse of this historic era.

GREECE ROMANIA:

This term came after the Romans invaded Greece.

The Climate:

The Mediterranean climate is mild and humid in winter, hot and dry in the summer.

Tourism in Greece:

Tourism in Greece provides 18 percent of Greece’s economy.

Every year, about 22.5 million tourists visit Greece because for its ancient civilization.

Tourism in Greece began when Greece was annexed to the Roman Empire, where cultural exchanges began.

Tourism in the Modern Era:

Between 1960 and 1970, tourism began to flourish.

The flow of tourists began in group photos in Greece, the construction of hotels and attention to tourism infrastructure began.

Greece has the longest coastline with a length of 13676 km on the Mediterranean Sea, with 2,000 islands, some of which are inhabited and some are uninhabited.

Greece has seen many sport events that have increased tourism such as the 2004 Summer Olympic Games, which held in 1896.

One of the most popular sports in Greece is football, water polo and basketball.

Infrastructure:

Greece has a strong infrastructure, especially since the 2004 Olympics.

It has unique hotels, conference facilities, resorts, fountains and marinas.

Before traveling to Greece:

Before traveling to Greece

Choose the timing of travel and try to avoid the peak times of the summer as the number of tourists increases.

Learn a little about Greek and Greek culture where you will be able to enjoy the deal, and know the most important tourist places.

Look for local restaurants where they have good food and good prices.

Take advantage of the Greek rail service and reach some of the main tourist attractions at low prices.

If you want to go to the Greek islands in Athens. It is the best start.

Greece is suitable for all types of budget, it is suitable for all types of levels.

The weather is great in Greece and it is usually mild.

Most Greeks speak English and there is ease in dealing with them.

Hiking or renting a bike is common.

Souvenirs are available at reasonable prices and you will find them at the airport.

Top Places of Interest in Greece Athens:

Santorini:

Santorini

It is one of the most beautiful islands in Greece, maybe even in the world.

The island is characterized by its attractive white and blue historic buildings.

It shows a magnificent view of the beauty of the island and enjoys charming red and black colors surrounded by green spaces.

It is the best destination for tourists wishing to enjoy natural beauty and charm.

It is also away from the noise and stress of life to relax and peace of mind.

Ionic Islands:

Ionic Islands

It is composed of four islands located in the western coast of Greece and covers an area of ​​2,307 km².

These islands enjoy a wonderful nature and a large number of tourists come from Europe especially because of its wonderful weather, olive forests and the beauty of its beaches.

Aquarium Crete:

Aquarium Crete

One of the most important sights of the island of Crete is where a large collection of rare fish in the Mediterranean Sea is displayed inside the aquarium.

Rhodes:

Rhodes

One of the oldest areas in the world and   attracts  tourists from all over the world of different nationalities because of the extraordinary pleasure it provides since the Middle Ages.

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ٌResources:

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