Al-Moez Street is considered the most important street in Cairo and the largest museum of Islamic monuments in the world, which was classified by UNESCO in 1979 as a World Heritage Site.
Al-Mu’izz Street dates back to 969 AD when the Caliph (al-Mu’izz Ladinullah) sent his leader, Jowhar al-Saqali, to open Egypt and took it from the Abbasids.
He opened it and established the city of Cairo, then got the caliph al-Mu’izz to open it right after.
Al-Mu’izz Street extends from Bab Al-Fotouh to Bab Zuwailah, and passes through the middle of Al-Nahasin / Khan Al-Khalili / Al-Sagha areas. It intersects with the streets of Al-Azhar / Al-Muski / Al-Madak alley.
Al-Moez Street contains many Islamic monuments such as mosques, schools, palaces from the Fatimid era through the Ayyubid and Mamluk ages to the end of the Mohammed era.
These monuments are distinguished by the splendor of the architectural art and the accuracy of the decorations, including:
1- Bab al-Futuh:
One of the gates of Fatimid Cairo, was built of stones, 22 meters high and 25 meters deep.
It consists of two towers with a round facade, each decorated with various geometric shapes.
2- Bab Zewailah:
Another gate to Fatimid Cairo is also known as the Metwally gate, which rises 24 meters from the street.
The door was built of a massive stone block, 25.75 meters wide and 25 meters deep, of two round towers with an open corridor.
It was Named after the name of a tribe of Berbers in North Africa which his soldiers joined the army commander Jawhar al-Sicily during his coming to open Egypt.
It was famous due to Mamluk era, where Hulaku sent the messengers of the Tartars to threaten the Egyptians and demand their land be handed over, the Egyptians cut off their heads. They hung them on the door in response to the threat of Hulaku.
3- Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah Mosque:
Construction of the mosque began during the reign of the Caliph (Aziz al-Baha al-Fatimi) in 379 AH / 989 AD, but he died before completing it.
His son (Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah) completed it in 403 AH / 1013 AD.
It’s Cairo’s second mosque is the largest mosque after Ibn Tulun Mosque, with a length of 120 meters and a width of 113 meters.
There are two minarets in the mosque, each of the minarets surrounded by a large pyramid structure.
Each base consists of two cubes topped by an eight-shape minaret and between the minarets there is the archaeological entrance.
The entrance to the mosque leads to a bowl with many oaks inside.
4- Masjid and Sabil of Sulaiman Agha al-Selhdar:
One of the finest mosques in its unique architectural style, which made it the pearl of Al- Moez and located on the north of Bab Al-Fotouh.
Prince Sulaiman Agha started establishing 1253 AH / 1837 AD in the reign of Muhammad Ali Pasha and completed in 1255 AH / 1839 AD.
The mosque was built on the Ottoman way and attached to the path of water, and a book to teach the Quran and religion.
The main view of the buildings overlooks the mosque, which ends at the entrance to Burjouan.
The mosque was adorned with arabesque woodwork, decorated with white marble and inscriptions, and the windows were decorated with cast bronze filled with religious shapes.
5- Al-Okmar Mosque:
The smallest mosque in Cairo, but an architectural masterpiece, it’s the only mosque that has been lowered from the surface of the earth as a result of the establishment on the street level. It was named to the white moon-like stones it was built with.
It was built by the Caliph (Abu Ali al-Mansur) and his minister was completed in 1125 AD.
The mosque consists of a small courtyard measuring 10 meters squares, characterized by kufic writings on the marble columns.
6- The path and book of Abdul Rahman Katkhada:
Established by Prince Abdul Rahman Katkhada in 1744 AD which consists of two rooms: the first way to provide passers-by water, the second for the orphans of Muslims.
7- Palace of Prince Bashtak:
Established by Prince Saif al-Din Bashtak, one of the princes of Al-Nasir Muhammad ibn Qalawun, it’s considered one of the best buildings of the eighth century AH.
It contains decorations and geometric drawings with a beautiful architecture.
It Consists of three floors:
The ground floor, stables / warehouses for the huts / servants’ rooms.
The second is a banquet hall and bedrooms, while the next floor is reserved for women only.
8- Sabil w Ktab of Khusro Pasha:
One of the oldest Ottoman ways in Cairo, however, it’s the Egyptian model of planning for any road, it’s has an education room attached to it by an iron ladder.
9 – Mosque of Nasser Muhammad ibn Qalawun:
His creation was started by King Al-Adel Al-Mansouri in 695 AH and was deposed before he was completed by Al-Nasser in 703 AH / 1304 AD and named after him.
It was built on a system of mosques with orthogonal planning and four Euanas with only two remaining.
10 – School and the dome of Najmuddin Ayoub:
It was established by Najmuddin Ayoub, the last Ayyubid Sultan, to teach the four sects instead of the Shiite sect that was taught by the Fatimids, and located between Al-Saagha Street and the Kasserine.
11. El Sabil of Muhammad Ali al-Banhaasin:
It was built as Sadaqa for the soul of Ismael Pasha. It consists of four copper shapes covered with marble, each covered with brass nets.
This street was and will remain Khan al-Khalili, Hussein’s largest area of Islamic monuments and artifacts Egyptian distinctive, which carries the fragrant history of attracting tourists from all over the world.
That street is a historical book on its own, makes you want to visits it already.